Association of -1382A>G CCL11 gene variant with ischemic stroke, its subtypes and hemorrhagic stroke in a South Indian population
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Conclusion: The results of the present study show that the GG genotype is a significant risk factor for ischemic as well as hemorrhagic stroke. Further, the frequency of the GG genotype was observed to be higher in hemorrhagic stroke patients in comparison with ischemic stroke. Evaluating the association with ischemic stroke subtypes, a significant association was observed with intracranial large artery atherosclerosis and lacunar stroke.Background: CCL11 (Eotaxin-1) is an important inflammatory cytokine belonging to the CC family of chemokines associated with a number of infection or inflammation-related diseases such as atherosclerosis and stroke. We investigated the association of CCL11 gene polymorphism rs4795895-1382A>G with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.Materials and Methods: Six hundred and twenty ischemic stroke patients, 620 age- and sex-matched healthy controls, and 220 hemorrhagic stroke patients, 220 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included in the present study. The CCL11 gene polymorphism rs4795895-1382A>G was determined using PCR-RFLP technique.Results: We found a statistically significant difference in the genotypic distribution between ischemic stroke patients and controls (For GG vs. AA, ?2= 7.604; P < 0.001, Odds ratio = 2.793; 95% CI = 1.308-5.9). For GG vs. AA + AG, ?2= 44.8, P < 0.001, Odds ratio = 2.382 (95% CI = 1.842-3.081). A significant difference was observed in the frequency of G and A alleles in patients and controls (For G vs. A, ?2= 43.26; P < 0.001, Odds ratio = 2.127; 95% CI = 1.693-2.672). Statistically significant difference was observed in the genotypic distribution between hemorrhagic stroke patients and controls (For GG vs. AG, ?2= 26.78; P = 0.001, Odds ratio = 3.5; 95% CI = 2.162-5.824). A significant difference was observed in the frequency of G and A alleles in patients and controls (For G vs. A, ?2= 41.98; P = 0.001, Odds ratio = 4.1; 95% CI = 2.61-6.44).