Nano-Heteroarchitectures of Two-Dimensional MoS2@ One-Dimensional Brookite TiO2 Nanorods: Prominent Electron Emitters for Displays
MetadataShow full item record
We report comparative field electron emission (FE) studies on a large-area array of two-dimensional MoS2-coated one-dimensional (1D) brookite (?) TiO2 nanorods synthesized on Si substrate utilizing hot-filament metal vapor deposition technique and pulsed laser deposition method, independently. The 10 nm wide and 760 nm long 1D ?-TiO2 nanorods were coated with MoS2 layers of thickness 4 (?2), 20 (?3), and 40 (?3) nm. The turn-on field (Eon) of 2.5 V/?m required to a draw current density of 10 ?A/cm2 observed for MoS2-coated 1D ?-TiO2 nanorods emitters is significantly lower than that of doped/undoped 1D TiO2 nanostructures, pristine MoS2 sheets, MoS2@SnO2, and TiO2@MoS2 heterostructure-based field emitters. The orthodoxy test confirms the viability of the field emission measurements, specifically field enhancement factor (?FE) of the MoS2@TiO2/Si emitters. The enhanced FE behavior of the MoS2@TiO2/Si emitter can be attributed to the modulation of the electronic properties due to heterostructure and interface effects, in addition to the high aspect ratio of the vertically aligned TiO2 nanorods. Furthermore, these MoS2@TiO2/Si emitters exhibit better emission stability. The results obtained herein suggest that the heteroarchitecture of MoS2@?-TiO2 nanorods holds the potential for their applications in FE-based nanoelectronic devices such as displays and electron sources. Moreover, the strategy employed here to enhance the FE behavior via rational design of heteroarchitecture structure can be further extended to improve other functionalities of various nanomaterials. ? 2017 American Chemical Society.