Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel indole-xanthendione hybrids as selective estrogen receptor modulators
Gupt,a Kunj Bihari
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Ground breaking clinical therapeutic advances in the treatment of breast cancer (BC) is the introduction of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). We have expeditiously designed and synthesized indole-xanthendione hybrids by coalescing the indole nucleus with xanthendione. All the compounds were first screened for anti-proliferative activity, cytotoxicity and ER-? binding affinity by utilizing ER-? dominant T47D BC cell lines, PBMCs and ER-? competitor assay kit. From this study, two representative compounds 6e and 6f showing most promising activity were advanced for gene expression studies for targeting ER-?. Cell imaging experiment undoubtedly indicate that both the compounds were able to cross cellular bio membrane and accumulate thus instigating cytotoxicity. RT-PCR and Western blotting experiments further strengthened that both compounds altered the expression of mRNA and receptor protein of ER-?, thereby forestalling downstream transactivation and signalling pathway in T47D cells line. Structural investigation from induced fit simulation study suggest that indole moiety of the compounds 6e and 6f helps in the anchoring of the xanthendione moiety in the hydrophobic region of the cavity thus enabling the compound to bind in antagonistic conformation similar to bazedoxifene by extensive hydrogen bonding and Van der Waals forces. All these finding collectively imply that compound 6e and 6f represents a novel potent ER-? antagonist and in the development of SERMs for the management of BC.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry