An economic analysis of cotton crop failure in the mansa district of punjab.
At the time of the green revolution, there is a huge increase in the productivity of wheat and rice. Among the various states, Punjab was the leader of the green revolution in India. But from the late 1980s, decline in the prosperity of farmers due to increasing farm costs as input prices has put heavy weight on the farmers to borrow additional from the informal lenders in the lack of access to suitable formal credit. The number of farmer suicides in Punjab is recognized as the changing agricultural relations. The major cause was the productivity of cotton crop failed to put the whole cotton belt under stress. The study was carried out in the Mansa District. However, the study area was confined to those villages where the farmers committed suicides due to cotton crop failure in 2015-16. 81 farmers from 24 villages were surveyed from 5 blocks of Mansa district. Out of 81, Where 31 families were those whose member committed suicide due to cotton crop failure. Most of the farmers in study belong to the small and marginal category of farmers those are most vulnerable from cotton crop failure due to burden of high debt. Benefit -cost analysis and sensitivity analysis were used to know loss, cost and return due to crop failure. Without crop insurance scenario, it was found that the net returns were negative and the B-C ratio remained well below unity. Therefore these results indicate that estimated amount of crop insurance is also not sufficient to Name of Student : Harpreet Singh Registration Number : 15mpheco15 Degree for which submitted : Master of Philosophy (M. Phil.) Name of Supervisor : Dr. Sandeep Kaur Bhatia Name of Centre : Centre for Economic Studies School of studies : School Of Social Sciences iv fill up the loss gap due to crop failure in case of Mansa district of Punjab. Therefore for the comprehensive implementation of the PMFBY in case of Punjab need some modifications regarding the premium rate and indemnity level and special agrarian policy for small and marginal farmers.