Analysis of leach protocol for lifetime optimization of wireless sensor networks
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A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is an emerging field comprised of sensor nodes with limited resources like power, memory etc. It is used to monitor the remote areas where recharging or replacing the battery power of sensor nods is not possible. So, energy is a most challenging issue in case of WSN. Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) is most significant protocol which consumes less amount of energy while routing the data to the base station (BS). All descendents protocols of LEACH have been discussed in Literature review chapter. Each descendants of LEACH has its merits and demerits which needs improvement. In this research work RCH-LEACH protocol (LEACH protocol using Relay Cluster Head Node) has been proposed using a relay cluster head node (RCH node) in each cluster. RCH-LEACH protocol has been simulated on MATLAB with fixed location of base station and with fixed percentage of cluster heads in the network. Results of RCH-LEACH has been analyzed using parameters like Energy Consumption per Round, Round when First Node Dies (FND), Round when half of Nodes Die (HND), Round when Last Node Dies (LND) and throughput. Analysis of results represent that FND, HND, LND and Throughput of RCH-LEACH are higher and Energy consumption per Round is lower than that of LEACH protocol. So, it can be concluded that RCH-LEACH outperforms LEACH protocol. This RCH model used in RCH-LEACH protocol can be further extended and implemented on other descendant protocols of LEACH to improve them as a part of future work.