Genetics of platelet traits in ischaemic stroke: focus on mean platelet volume and platelet count
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Purpose/Aim of the study: The aim of this review is to summarize the role of genetic variants affecting mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet count (PLT) leading to higher platelet reactivity and in turn to thrombotic events like stroke and cardiovascular diseases. Materials and Methods: A search was conducted in PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PROQUEST, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar related to the studies focussing on genome-wide association studies (GWAS), whole exome sequencing (WES), whole genome sequencing (WGS), phenome-wide association studies (PheWAS) and multi-omic analysis that have been employed to identify the genetic variants influencing MPV and PLT. Results: Antiplatelet agents underscore the crucial role of platelets in the pathogenesis of stroke. Higher platelet reactivity in terms of mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet count (PLT) contributes significantly to the interindividual variation in platelet reaction at the site of vessel wall injury. Some individuals encounter thrombotic events as platelets get occluded at the site of vessel wall injury whereas others heal the injury without occluding the circulation. Evidence suggests that MPV and PLT have a strong genetic component. High throughput techniques including genome-wide association studies (GWAS), whole exome sequencing (WES), whole genome sequencing (WGS), phenome-wide association studies (PheWAS) and multi-omic analysis have identified different genetic variants influencing MPV and PLT. Conclusions: Identification of complex genetic cross talks affecting PLT and MPV might help to develop novel treatment strategies in treating neurovascular diseases like stroke. � 2019, � 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
International Journal of Neuroscience
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