Biochemistry laboratory tests for carbohydrates
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Carbohydrates are the most abundant class of organic compounds. In living organism they are mainly utilized for energy production. Carbohydrates act as the primary source to provide energy for functioning of living organisms. They originate as products of photosynthesis, an endothermic reductive condensation of carbon dioxide requiring light energy and the pigment chlorophyll. The carbohydrates are a major source of metabolic energy, both for plants and for animals that depend on plants for food. Carbohydrates may be divided into reducing and non-reducing. Both reducing and non-reducing carbohydrate have different functional groups due to which they exert different chemical reactions. This forms the basis of differentiation and identification of carbohydrate in biochemical laboratory. Carbohydrates are mono, di and/or polysaccharide in nature which can be differentiated and identified in the laboratory. In the present book chapter we will discuss characteristics of carbohydrates and different biochemical laboratory test for differentiation and identification of carbohydrate. ? 2017 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.
Carbohydrate Metabolism: Theory and Practical Approach