Public transport and mobility in urban south asia (A study of bathinda city)
Public transport plays a vital role in the development of the modern era as an integral part of the socio-economic and political structure of the country. Thus urban transport, its infrastructure and traffic management should involve optimal integration of the means and ways of mobility to create maximum ease and comfort maintaining the socioeconomic and physical integration of the city. It has a great influence and impact on regional patterns of development, economic viability, and environment and on maintaining socially acceptable levels of quality of life. As the cities expand, there is a consequential expansion of transportation needs. Urbanization brings with it increased affluence which results in increased mobility. There is daily mobility of people on account of social, religious, economic, political, entertainment needs. In developing countries where urbanization rates are increasing, the combined effect of high rapid growth coupled with increased mobility and large increases in population is a cause for concern. The rapid growth and utilization of private transport is becoming a source of congestion as well as pollution in the cities. There is no doubt that private transport has become advantageous over public transport but their unprecedented growth will have unimaginable consequences. This study is an attempt to evaluate public transport and urban mobility in Bathinda, what is the quality and quality related perception about public transport and what is the nature of mobility? In the situation of rapid growth in the private vehicle in the city the role of public transport in the mobility of v people has become crucial to understand. The data required for the present study has been collected from both primary and secondary sources. The secondary data for the study has been collected from government, semi-government and private sources such as from the City Bus Enterprise, Punjab Roads Authority, District Transport office, books, articles, research papers, journals, magazines & other internet resources. The primary data has been collected through field survey taking personal interviews which was done under varying circumstances such as taking bus rides, riding in autos, waiting in line for a bus to come and also visiting different wards of the city. Collected data were analysed and presented using descriptive statistical methods.