Impact of mitochondrial transplantation on cancer cells
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Mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell, are small granular or filamentous bodies associated significantly with cellular respiration and are the main sources of energy, due to which they are present in maximum number in the organs that require large amounts of energy for doing their function like muscle cells, neural cells, etc. In case of any dysfunction of mitochondria, these organs are most affected culminating in a number of serious multi organs diseases, irrespective of age such as neurogenic weakness with ataxia and retinitis pigmentosa (NARP), or Leigh syndrome (LS), Cancer, etc. Although mutations in mitochondrial genes are common in cancer cells, they do not inactivate mitochondrial energy metabolism, but rather alter the mitochondrial bioenergetics and biosynthetic state. Literature survey also revealed that owing to mitochondrial dysfunction the clinical trial of many anticancer drugs has failed in patients. This study is focused on the impact of mitochondrial transplantation on cancer cells and their drug sensitivity against four human cancer cell lines HCT116 (WT & P53mutated), HepG2 and MCF7. The normal cell's Mitochondria was transplanted into cancer cells and then evaluated the Impact of transplantation of mitochondria from healthy cells into cancer cell upon their growth, ROS production and their drug sensitivity. The results of this study revealed that the healthy mitochondria transplanted to cancer cells decrease carcinogenesis and have drug sensitivity. So, it may be used as futuristic cancer remedy.
- Master's 
- Plant Sciences-Master Dissertation