Evaluation Of Association Of Folic Acid Metabolism In Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD is characterized by increasing breathlessness. It is the fourth cause of death in the world and it is currently presenting a major global public health challenge, causing premature death from pathophysiological complications. It continues to be an important cause of morbidity, mortality, and health-care costs worldwide. It is a global health issue, with cigarette smoking being an important risk factor universally with several other factors, such as exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollution, occupational hazards, and infections. As the global population ages, the burden of COPD will increase in years to come. Folic acid or vitamin B9 is a water soluble vitamin plays a major role in metabolism. Since, COPD is a disease characterized by complex nutritional abnormalities and lower level of vitamin B9 and B12. Homocysteine or total homocysteine is a sulfur containing amino acid, acts as an intermediate in the metabolism of methionine in the folic acid or folate pathway. As observed among general population hyperhomocysteinaemia (mild to moderate), is mainly associated with vitamin B deficiencies, which are considered to be essential cofactors for the level and catabolism of hcy. Assessment of level of micronutrients is useful in establishing effects in COPD.